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Recent Patents on Catalysis
ISSN (Print): 2211-548X
ISSN (Online): 2211-5498
VOLUME: 1
ISSUE: 2
DOI: 10.2174/2211548X11201020097









Recent Developments in Cobalt- and Iron- Based Catalysts for Fischer- Tropsch Synthesis

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Author(s): Alaa H. Kababji, Edwin L. Kugler and Dady B. Dadyburjor
Pages 97-106 (10)
Abstract:
This paper addresses recent technological advances for both cobalt- and iron-based Fischer-Tropsch (FT) synthesis catalysts. FT technology converts syngas into clean, synthetic liquid fuels by using abundant sources such as coal, biomass and natural gas. We provide an overview of the latest patent literature and summarize improvements in catalyst design and chemical promotion through the addition of active metals and structural supports as well as different methods for catalyst preparation and activation. We also discuss developments in reactor configuration and upstream and downstream design, and investigate the different application scenarios for both iron and cobalt catalysts. Significant progress has been realized in the past decade, evidenced by an increased number of patents focusing on catalyst and reactor advances and their effect on increasing catalyst activity and product yield and selectivity. The process can be carried out in large-scale units such as slurry bubble columns or fluidized-bed reactors, or in small compact microchannel reactor units. Combining the FT catalyst and reactor technology with innovative ways for syngas production and product upgrading to produce ready-to-use fuels results in a versatile FT technology that can be remotely applied on land or sea. This versatility can provide a long-term solution to counter the persistent increase in crude oil prices and can dramatically impact the competency and economical production of fuels worldwide.
Keywords:
Cobalt catalysts, co-precipitation, Fischer-Tropsch catalysis, fluidized-bed reactors, iron catalysts, incipient wetness impregnation, Sasol, slurry-bed reactors.
Affiliation:
Department of Chemical Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown WV 26506-6102, USA.