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Recent Patents on Mechanical Engineering
ISSN (Print): 2212-7976
ISSN (Online): 1874-477X
VOLUME: 6
ISSUE: 1
DOI: 10.2174/2212797611206010003









Review of Recent Toroidal Rotary Engine Patents

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Author(s): Braden A. Murphy, Erica A. Fraser and Darrel A. Doman
Pages 26-36 (11)
Abstract:
This paper focuses on review of the current patent landscape of toroidal rotary internal combustion engines. Toroidal engines are rotary-type internal combustion engines that use circular-sectioned pistons contained within a torus (or toroidal) shaped chamber. Recent engine designs are discussed and, depending on the fundamental design principals, are categorized using a classification system. It is found that the engine designs can be classified by the rotor configuration, the method of power transmission between the rotors and drive shaft, and the method of timing spark ignition and air-flow through the engine. From review of the patents presented, it is found that there are many all-encompassing patents covering the overall operation of toroidal engines. However, there is limited performance data, peer-reviewed articles, and commercial products to indicate the advantages of one design over the other. Therefore, it is recommended that development be focused on the design and configuration of the subset components of these engines. This will lead to an understanding of the physical limitations, trade-offs, and advantages of toroidal engine designs and components for comparison against one-another. This understanding will increase chances of commercial success of improvements made by developers, and strengthen the overall intellectual property archive and knowledge-base for toroidal rotary engines.
Keywords:
Combustion, engine, internal, motor, oscillating, piston, rotary, toroidal
Affiliation:
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, 5269 Morris St., P.O. Box 15000 Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 4R2, Canada.