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Current Pharmaceutical Design
ISSN (Print): 1381-6128
ISSN (Online): 1873-4286
VOLUME: 20
ISSUE: 8
DOI: 10.2174/13816128113199990068      Price:  $58









Inhibition of Amyloid-β Aggregation in Alzheimer's Disease

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Author(s): Qiuming Wang, Xiang Yu, Lingyan Li and Jie Zheng
Pages 1223-1243 (21)
Abstract:
The assembly of naturally occurring amyloid peptides into cytotoxic oligomeric and fibrillar aggregates is believed to be a major pathologic event in over 25 human diseases. Blocking of or interfering with the aggregation of amyloid peptides such as amyloid-β (Aβ) using small organic molecules, peptides and peptidomimetics, and nanoparticles that selectively bind or inhibit Aβ aggregates is a promising strategy for the development of novel pharmaceutical approaches and agents to treat Alzheimer's disease (AD). In a broad sense, considering many common features in structure, kinetics, and biological activity of amyloid peptides, potent inhibitors and associated inhibition strategies that are developed for targeting Aβ aggregation could also be generally applied to other amyloid-forming peptides in “protein-aggregation diseases”. Due to the complex nature of Aβ self-assembly process, increasing knowledge in high-resolution structures of Aβ oligomers, atomic-level Aβ-inhibitor binding information, and cost-effective high-throughput screening method will improve our fundamental understanding of amyloid formation and inhibition mechanisms, as well as practical design of pharmaceutical strategies and drugs to treat AD. This review summarizes major findings, recent advances, and future challenges for the development of new Aβ-aggregation inhibitors, mainly focusing on three major classes of Aβ inhibitors with associated inhibition mechanisms and practical examples.
Keywords:
Amyloid-beta, Amyloid inhibitor, Amyloid toxicity, Protein aggregation, Alzheimer disease.
Affiliation:
Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, The University of Akron, Akron, Ohio 44325, USA.