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Current Analytical Chemistry
ISSN (Print): 1573-4110
ISSN (Online): 1875-6727
VOLUME: 10
ISSUE: 2
DOI: 10.2174/15734110113090990018      Price:  $58









On-Line Preconcentration Method Using Normal Stacking Mode and Dynamic pH Junction for the Quality Control of Herbal Medicines Containing Related Phenolic Compounds

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Author(s): Gimena Acosta, Silvia Arce, Claudia Ortega, Luis D. Martínez and María R. Gomez
Pages 197-204 (8)
Abstract:
An on-line preconcentration capillary electrophoresis (CE) methodology, which combines a normal stacking mode (NSM) with a dynamic pH junction technique, is introduced in this paper. A systematic study of the parameters (concentration and pH value of background electrolyte, composition of sample matrix, injection pressure and time, separation voltage and temperature) affecting on-line concentration of seven related phenolic compounds was investigated and optimized. Under the optimum focusing conditions, about 54-fold improvement in the detection sensitivity was obtained compared with usual hydrodynamic sample injection (0.5 psi, 5 s) without detriment in separation efficiency.

In particular, the concentration limits of detection (LOD) (S/N = 3) for the phenolic compounds obtained after preconcentration were from 6.0 to 11.0 ng mL-1 with UV detection without any pretreatment procedure. The proposed method has been validated with RSD values between 1.13% and 1.98% for migration times and between 1.28% and 4.65% for peak areas. Developed NSM-dynamic pH junction method was applied for determination of related phenolic compounds in labeled M. officinalis medicinal herbal products commercialized in our country.

Keywords:
Capillary electrophoresis, dynamic pH junction, normal stacking mode, on-line preconcentration, phenolic compounds.
Affiliation:
Química Analítica. INQUISALCONICET. Departamento de Farmacia, Chacabuco y Pedernera. San Luis. Argentina. (5700).