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Current Pharmaceutical Design
ISSN (Print): 1381-6128
ISSN (Online): 1873-4286
VOLUME: 20
ISSUE: 9
DOI: 10.2174/13816128113199990551      Price:  $58









The Heme Oxygenase System Selectively Modulates Proteins Implicated in Metabolism, Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats

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Author(s): Joseph Fomusi Ndisang
Pages 1318-1327 (10)
Abstract:
Although recent studies have underscored the role of the heme-oxygenase (HO) inducer hemin, on insulin-signaling and glucose metabolism, the underlying mechanisms are not completely understood. In this study, two-dimensional-gel electrophoresis, massspectrometry and MSACOT-analyses were used to identify and characterize novel proteins modulated by hemin in spontaneoushypertensive rat (SHR), a model of essential hypertension with insulin resistance/impaired glucose metabolism. In addition, the effects of hemin on endothelin-1 (ET-1), protein-tyrosine-phosphatase-1B (PTP-1B), atrial-natriuretic-peptide (ANP) and its surrogate-marker urinary cGMP, and inflammatory cytokines including TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β were investigated.

In hemin-treated SHR, several proteins related to oxidative-stress and metabolism were modulated. Particularly, hemin enhanced aldolase- B, fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase, purine-nucleoside phosphorylase, adenosine-kinase, argininosuccinate synthetase and carbonic anhydrase-3 all of which are enzymes involved in glucose/energy metabolism and pH homeostasis. Similarly, hemin potentiated antioxidant pathways including, NADP(+)-dependant isocitrate-dehydrogenase, catalase, glutathione-S-transferase-Yb1 and hsp70, a pleiotropic agent that regulates protein-folding, oxidative/pro-inflammatory events. Hemin also increased enzymes implicated in cell-growth such as the nitrilase-protein-family, but reduced betaine-homocysteine methyltransferase, an enzyme associated with insulin resistance and dysfunctional glucose metabolism. Furthermore, hemin increased ANP and its surrogate marker, urinary cGMP, but reduced ET-1, PTP-1B, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, whereas the HO-inhibitor, chromium-mesoporphyrin abolished the effects.

The potentiation of ANP, urinary-cGMP, aldolade-B, fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase, purine-nucleoside phosphorylase, adenosine-kinase, argininosuccinate synthetase, carbonic anhydrase-3, hsp70 and the corresponding reduction of betaine-homocysteine methyltransferase, PTP-1B, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, and ET-1 may be responsible for the improved glucose metabolism in hemin-treated animals.

Collectively, these findings underscore the pleiotropic effects of the HO-system in cellular homeostasis with important roles in metabolism and defence.

Keywords:
Heme oxygenase, essential hypertension, spontaneously hypertensive rats, Tumor necrosis factor alpha, Interleukin.
Affiliation:
Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 107 Wiggins Road, Saskatoon, SK, Canada S7N 5E5.