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Current Drug Discovery Technologies
ISSN (Print): 1570-1638
ISSN (Online): 1875-6220
VOLUME: 11
ISSUE: 1
DOI: 10.2174/15701638113109990037









Mammalian Cell Display and Somatic Hypermutation In Vitro for Human Antibody Discovery

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Author(s): David J. King, Peter M. Bowers, Marilyn R. Kehry and Robert A. Horlick
Pages 56-64 (9)
Abstract:
Human therapeutic antibody discovery has utilized a variety of systems, from in vivo immunization of human immunoglobulin-expressing mice, to in vitro display of antibody libraries. Of the in vitro antibody display technologies, mammalian cell display provides a number of advantages with the ability to co-select immunoglobulin molecules for high expression level in mammalian cells, native folding, and biophysical properties appropriate for drug development. Mammalian cell display has been achieved using either transient or stable expression systems, using a number of alternate transmembrane domains to present antibody on the cell surface. The unique capability of mammalian cells to present IgG in its fully post-translationally modified format also allows selection of antibodies for functional properties. One limitation of mammalian cell based systems, however, has been the smaller library size that can be presented compared to phage display approaches. Until recently, this has necessitated the use of libraries biased toward a particular antigen, such as libraries derived from immunized donors, to achieve success. An alternative approach has now been developed which recapitulates key aspects of the in vivo immune system through reproducing somatic hypermutation (SHM) in vitro. Libraries representing a naïve human B lymphocyte antibody repertoire are created by PCR amplification of the rearranged (D)J segments of heavy and light chain variable regions from human donors and incorporating the resulting sequence diversity into panels of human germline VH and VL genes. The resulting antibodies are presented as full length IgG on the surface of HEK293 cells. After isolation of antibodies binding to individual target antigens, subsequent affinity maturation using in vitro SHM is induced by expression of activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID). Selection of antibodies from naïve fully human libraries using mammalian cell display coupled with in vitro SHM is an efficient methodology for the generation of high affinity human antibodies with excellent properties for drug development.
Keywords:
Affinity maturation, AID, antibody libraries, cell display, SHM.
Affiliation:
AnaptysBio Inc., 10421 Pacific Center Court, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.