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Mini-Reviews in Organic Chemistry
ISSN (Print): 1570-193X
ISSN (Online): 1875-6298
VOLUME: 10
ISSUE: 4
DOI: 10.2174/1570193X113106660024      Price:  $58









The Cannabinoids Switch of Oxidative Stress: A Double-Edged Sword

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Author(s): Marina Borro, Paola Frati, Natale Mario Di Luca, Maurizio Simmaco and Stefano Ferracuti
Pages 343-348 (6)
Abstract:
Oxidative Stress, deriving from a perturbation of the cellular balance between pro-oxidant and anti-oxidant molecules, has been involved in the patho-physiology of multiple diseases, and anti-oxidant supplementation are largely studied for therapeutic purposes. The Cannabis sativa derivates, the cannabinoids (CBs), are widely used as a recreational drug, but pharmacological activities also prompt to therapeutic use. Exposure to CBs rises physical and psychic effects which can evolve in both short-term and long-term toxicity. High inter-individual variation exists in the susceptibility to these effects. Many evidences show a complex modulator action of CBs on cellular oxidative stress, with different outcomes according to cellular type, microenvironment, time and dose of exposition. The subtle balance between anti-oxidant or pro-oxidant action of CBs should be taken into account to achieve a more accurate comprehension of the molecular mechanisms involved in toxicity, considering that OS is not merely a damaging factor, but is also involved in protective pathways.
Keywords:
Cannabis, cannabinoids, genomics, oxidative stress, polymorphisms, psychosis.
Affiliation:
Department NESMOS, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome; Rome, Italy.