The aim of this study was to assess ADRs reporting related to the administration of antibiotics in hospitalized paediatric patients in Greece.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted over a seven month period (January to July 2012) in paediatric departments in Greece. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to a total of 750 health professionals providing paediatric care in 3 specialized paediatric hospitals and 33 paediatric departments in general and university hospitals. Descriptive and multivariate statistical analyses were performed. Levels of significance were two-tailed and statistical significance was set at P =0.05
Results: Overall, 576 out of 750 questionnaires were returned completed, at a response rate of 76.8%. ADRs related to antibiotics were reported by 44.8% of nurses and 23.7% of doctors as occurring often/very often during their practice. 45% of doctors reported amoxicillin/clavulanic acid as the drug with the most frequent ADRs. Overall, 63% of nurses and 32.7% of doctors stated they had never reported ADRs. Doctors used yellow cards more often than nurses (65.2% vs 33.9%). Only 48.4% of doctors and 35.9% of nurses knew that ADR reporting constitutes part of their professional duties.
Conclusions: ADRs following antibiotic administration are common in paediatric practice in Greece; however, underreporting remains a significant problem.