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Current Cardiology Reviews
ISSN (Print): 1573-403X
ISSN (Online): 1875-6557
DOI: 10.2174/1573403X09666131117174414

Acute Decompensated Heart Failure Update

Author(s): John R. Teerlink, Khalid Alburikan, Marco Metra and Jo E. Rodgers
Pages 53-62 (10)
Acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) continues to increase in prevalence and is associated with substantial mortality and morbidity including frequent hospitalizations. The American Heart Association is predicting that more than eight million Americans will have heart failure by 2030 and that the total direct costs associated with the disease will rise from $21 billion in 2012 to $70 billion in 2030. The increase in the prevalence and cost of HF is primarily the result of shifting demographics and a growing population. Although many large, randomized, controlled clinical trials have been conducted in patients with chronic heart failure, it was not until recently that a growing number of studies began to address the management of ADHF. It is the intent of this review to update the clinician regarding the evaluation and optimal management of ADHF.
Graphical Abstract:
Acute decompensated heart failure, diuretics, inotropes, vasodilators.
Division of Pharmacotherapy and Experimental Therapeutics, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB# 7569, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.