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Current Molecular Medicine
ISSN (Print): 1566-5240
ISSN (Online): 1875-5666
VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 1
DOI: 10.2174/1566524013666131118105216      Price:  $58









The Molecular Basis of Notch Signaling Regulation: A Complex Simplicity

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Author(s): R. Palermo, S. Checquolo, D. Bellavia, C. Talora and I. Screpanti
Pages 34-44 (11)
Abstract:
The Notch receptors have attracted considerable attention for their ability to control cellular functions that regulate embryo development and tissue homeostasis. Notch receptors act by controlling the expression of a specific set of target genes. If Notch signaling system can be so simple, and yet so complex in its pleiotropic effects, then a sophisticated network of regulatory mechanisms is required to maintain the control over the initiation, activity and termination of this signaling pathway. A multitude of regulatory mechanisms has been discovered that controls the interaction of Notch receptors with their ligands, the assembling of a Notch transcriptional activation complex and the termination of Notch signals. The intracellular and extracellular domains of the Notch receptors are synthesized as single proteins, pairing with each other during their trafficking through the exocytotic route. The mechanisms operating in the phase preceding the generation of the heterodimeric signal-competent Notch receptors can be as elaborate and physiologically important as those operating downstream of Notch receptor activation. These regulatory mechanisms, which are essential to understand the role of Notch signaling in human physiology and pathology are reviewed here.
Keywords:
Acetylation, canonical, ligands, non-canonical, notch, phosphorylation, processing, transcriptional activity, ubiquitination.
Affiliation:
Dipartimento di Medicina Molecolare, Sapienza Universita' di Roma, Viale Regina Elena 291, 00161 Roma, Italy.