Methods: DNA sequencing was used to detect full-length of PRSS1, cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), and pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor (SPINK1) genes mutations in an AIP family and a sporadic case and 520 normal controls. Furthermore, a mutant-expressing system was constructed for functional confirmation.
Results: For the first time, we report a deletion mutation at exon 2 of PRSS1 gene (IVS 2 +56_60 del CCCAG) which encoded a truncated PRSS1 protein without trypsinogen activation peptide (TAP). Vitro functional study suggested the identified mutation would result in loss of PRSS1 activity. Mutant trypsinogen activated at a faster rate than wild-type trypsinogen in the autoactivation experiment. Histopathologic examination revealed the ratio of IgG4/IgG-positive plasma cells exceeded 0.455 in pancreas, and the patients responded to glucocorticoids.
Conclusion: PRSS1: IVS 2 +56_60 del CCCAG is a noval mutant which may contribute to AIP pathogenesis.