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Current Alzheimer Research
ISSN (Print): 1567-2050
ISSN (Online): 1875-5828
DOI: 10.2174/1567205010666131119233044

Regulatory Chaperone Complexes in Neurodegenerative Diseases: A Perspective on Therapeutic Intervention

Author(s): Aaron Carman, Sarah Kishinevsky, John Koren III, Wenjie Luo and Gabriela Chiosis
Pages 59-68 (10)
Protein folding, protein degradation, and protein stability are regulated by the molecular chaperones. Under pathogenic conditions, aberrant proteins can be dysfunctional, unregulated, or pathogenically mutated. These aberrant proteins are triaged by the chaperone network for the maintenance of cellular homeostasis. These species, called chaperone client proteins, include the pathogenic factors of numerous neurodegenerative disorders, including tau in Alzheimer’s disease, α-synuclein and LRRK2 in Parkinson’s disease, SOD-1, TDP-43 and FUS in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and polyQ-expanded proteins such as huntingtin in Huntington’s disease. In depth study of two molecular chaperones, Hsp90 and Hsc70, has led to a greater understanding of aberrant client fate and how retarding the chaperone system can promote clearance of these pathogenic clients. Here we discuss how chaperone interactions and small molecule inhibitors can regulate the burden of aberrant client signaling in these neurological disorders.
Aberrant neurological proteins, chaperone inhibitors, molecular chaperones, neurodegeneration.
Molecular Pharmacology & Chemistry, Sloan-Kettering Institute, Associate Attending, Breast Cancer Service, Department of Medicine, Memorial Hospital, Memorial Sloan- Kettering Cancer Center, ZRB2103, Associate Professor, Weill Graduate School of Medical Sciences, New York, USA.