Purified recombinant Xyn10K (50 kDa) was active against various xylans, with beech wood xylan being the preferred substrate. Cel5K (38 kDa) showed activity against CM cellulose (CMC), lichenan and barley beta-glucan. Hydrolysis product analyses indicated that Xyn10K acts as an endoxylanase whereas Cel5K exhibits endocellulase activity. Xyn10K was active over a pH range of 6-8 and the pH optimum of Cel5K was at pH 7. The maximum hydrolytic activity of Cel5K and Xyn10K under the assay conditions employed was found at 96 °C and 95 °C respectively. Cel5K is the first characterized endoglucanase from a metagenomic library with a temperature optimum above 90 °C. Also, its exceptional resistance against thermoinactivation at temperatures above 80 °C, with a half life of 8h at 86 °C, sets this enzyme apart from previously reported metagenomic cellulases. The xylanase Xyn10K, to our knowledge the first extreme thermostable xylanase from a metagenome study, also displayed a remarkable long term-stability against thermal inactivation, with a half life of 22 h at 85 °C. Both enzymes displayed, partially, a high hydrolytic activity and stability in different ionic liquids. In conclusion, the properties of the metagenome-derived (hemi)cellulolytic enzymes reported here indicate robustness and suitability for applications in biotechnology.