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Current Protein & Peptide Science
ISSN (Print): 1389-2037
ISSN (Online): 1875-5550
VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 8
DOI: 10.2174/138920371408131227155308      Price:  $58









The Development of Antimicrobial Peptides as New Antibacterial Drugs

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Author(s): Giulia Roscia, Chiara Falciani, Luisa Bracci and Alessandro Pini
Pages 641-649 (9)
Abstract:
The increasing frequency of multidrug-resistant bacteria and a recent slowing in the development of new antimicrobial agents place mankind in a state of emergency with regard to the threat of new bacterial infections. Antibacterial peptides (AMPs) are considered an important class of molecules to develop against bacteria. AMPs have been known for many years but very few have yet been extensively used in clinical practice, mainly because of their general toxicity and manufacturing cost. Now, thanks to new technologies for screening and development, interest in these molecules has grown. Many new AMPs have been discovered and some are under evaluation for the development of new antibacterial therapeutics. Here we review the major AMPs currently used in clinical practice and others in the phase of preclinical and clinical development.
Keywords:
Antibiotic resistance, antimicrobial peptides, bacterial pathogens, clinical development, new antibacterials.
Affiliation:
Department of Medical Biotechnology, University of Siena, Italy.