CD147: A Novel Modulator of Inflammatory and Immune Disorders
X. Zhu, Z. Song, S. Zhang, A. Nanda and G. Li
Pages 2138-2145 (8)
CD147, a transmembrane glycoprotein, is expressed on all leukocytes, platelets, and endothelial cells. It has
been implicated in a variety of physiological and pathological activities through interacting with multiple partners, including
cyclophilins, monocarboxylate transporters, Caveolin-1, and integrins. While CD147 is best known as a potent inducer
of extracellular matrix metalloproteinases (hence also called EMMPRIN), it can also function as a key mediator of inflammatory
and immune responses. Increased expression of CD147 has been implicated in the pathogenesis of a number
of diseases, such as asthma-mediated lung inflammation, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, myocardial infarction
and ischemic stroke. Therapeutic targeting of CD147 has yielded encouraging effects in a number of experimental models
of human diseases, suggesting CD147 as an attractive target for treatment of inflammation-related diseases. Here we review
the current understanding of CD147 expression and functions in inflammatory and immune responses and potential
implications for treatment of inflammatory disorders.
CD147, MMP, cyclophilin, MCT, integrin, inflammation, leukocyte, platelet.
Vascular Biology & Stroke Research Laboratory, Department of Neurosurgery, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, 1501 Kings Highway, Shreveport, LA 71130, USA.