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Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
ISSN (Print): 1389-5575
ISSN (Online): 1875-5607
VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 2
DOI: 10.2174/1389557514666140123130058      Price:  $58









The Mechanisms and Quantification of the Selective Permeability in Transport Across Biological Barriers: the Example of Kyotorphin

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Author(s): Isa D. Serrano, Joao M. Freire, Miguel V. Carvalho, Mafalda Neves, Manuel N. Melo and Miguel A.R.B. Castanho
Pages 99-110 (12)
Abstract:
This paper addresses the mechanisms behind selective endothelial permeability and their regulations. The singular properties of each of the seven blood-tissues barriers. Then, it further revisits the physical, quantitative meaning of permeability, and the way it should be measured based on sound physical chemistry reasoning and methodologies. Despite the relevance of permeability studies one often comes across inaccurate determinations, mostly from oversimplified data analyses. To worsen matters, the exact meaning of permeability is being lost along with this loss of accuracy. The importance of proper permeability calculation is illustrated with a family of derivatives of kyotorphin, an analgesic dipeptide.
Keywords:
Blood-tissue barriers, Drug, Kinetics, Kyotorphin, Permeability, Transepithelial transport.
Affiliation:
Instituto de Medicina Molecular, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Professor Egas Moniz, 1649-028 Lisboa, Portugal.