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Current Nanoscience
ISSN (Print): 1573-4137
ISSN (Online): 1875-6786
VOLUME: 10
ISSUE: 5
DOI: 10.2174/1573413710666140129234519      Price:  $58









Preyssler Heteropolyacid: A Green and Eco-friendly Catalyst in the Hydrothermal Synthesis of ZnO Nanostructures and their Applications in Photodegradation of Azo Dyes

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Author(s): Fatemeh F. Bamoharram, Sudabeh Hashemi, Majid M. Heravi, Hamed Rashidi and Ali Ayati
Pages 736-742 (7)
Abstract:
ZnO nanostructures, including ZnO nano quasi-spheres and nanoplates, were synthesized hydrothermally, from the reaction of zinc acetate, catalyzed by Preyssler type heteropolyacid (H14 [NaP5W30O110]), at 140°C in 48 and 72 hours, respectively. The ZnO nanostructures were characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The diameter of nano quasi-spheres, was about 5-10 nm. The nano plates had hexagonal shape showing diameter of 40-60nm. Photocatalytic degradation of Methylene blue and Congo red was effectively performed, using the above prepared ZnO nanostructures, achieving almost 70% decolorization, in short time. First order reaction constants were evaluated as 0.0745 and 0.0746 for Methylene blue and Congo red degradation reactions, respectively, concluding first order kinetics via this protocol.
Graphical Abstract:
Keywords:
Azo dye, hydrothermal, photodegradation, preyssler, ZnO nano structure.
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran.