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Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
ISSN (Print): 1574-888X
ISSN (Online): 2212-3946
VOLUME: 9
ISSUE: 3
DOI: 10.2174/1574888X09666140213142258









Advances of Mesenchymal Stem Cells Derived from Bone Marrow and Dental Tissue in Craniofacial Tissue Engineering

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Author(s): Maobin Yang, Hongming Zhang and Riddhi Gangolli
Pages 150-161 (12)
Abstract:
Bone and dental tissues in craniofacial region work as an important aesthetic and functional unit. Reconstruction of craniofacial tissue defects is highly expected to ensure patients to maintain good quality of life. Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine have been developed in the last two decades, and been advanced with the stem cell technology. Bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells are one of the most extensively studied post-natal stem cell population, and are widely utilized in cell-based therapy. Dental tissue derived mesenchymal stem cells are a relatively new stem cell population that isolated from various dental tissues. These cells can undergo multilineage differentiation including osteogenic and odontogenic differentiation, thus provide an alternative source of mesenchymal stem cells for tissue engineering. In this review, we discuss the important issues in mesenchymal stem cell biology including the origin and functions of mesenchymal stem cells, compare the properties of these two types of mesenchymal cells, update recent basic research and clinic applications in this field, and address important future challenges.
Keywords:
Bone marrow, craniofacial, dental stem cell, mesenchymal stem cells, regeneration, tissue engineering.
Affiliation:
Department of Endodontology, Kornberg School of Dentistry, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA.