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Protein & Peptide Letters
ISSN (Print): 0929-8665
ISSN (Online): 1875-5305
DOI: 10.2174/0929866521666140320110521      Price:  $58

Proteomic and Metabolomic Analyses of Soybean Root Tips Under Flooding Stress

Author(s): Setsuko Komatsu, Takuji Nakamura, Yurie Sugimoto and Kazunori Sakamoto
Pages 865-884 (20)
Flooding is one of the serious problems for soybean plants because it inhibits growth. Proteomic and metabolomic techniques were used to determine whether proteins and metabolites are altered in the root tips of soybeans under flooding stress. Two-day-old soybean plants were flooded for 2 days, and proteins and metabolites were extracted from root tips. Flooding-responsive proteins were identified using two-dimensional- or SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis- based proteomics techniques. Using both techniques, 172 proteins increased and 105 proteins decreased in abundance in the root tips of flood-stressed soybean. The abundance of methionine synthase, heat shock cognate protein, urease, and phosphoenol pyruvate carboxylase was significantly increased by flooding stress. Furthermore, 73 floodingresponsive metabolites were identified using capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry. The levels of gammaaminobutyric acid, glycine, NADH2, and phosphoenol pyruvate were increased by flooding stress. Taken together, these results suggest that synthesis of phosphoenol pyruvate by way of oxaloacetate produced in the tricarboxylic acid cycle is activated in soybean root tips in response to flooding stress, and that flooding stress also leads to modulation of the urea cycle in the root tips.
Graphical Abstract:
Flooding, metabolomics, proteomics, root tip, soybean.
National Institute of Crop Science, NARO, Kannondai 2-1-18, Tsukuba 305-8518, Japan.