This review will demonstrate how environmental complexity and the importance of engaging in recreational activities influence individuals’ lives and their cognitive healthy aging. Bibliography was obtained systematically, through a defined search strategy of several data bases. Ninety one scientific articles were selected in agreement with the appropriateness they keep with the objective of the present research.
In regard to pharmacological treatment, there is little evidence that cholinesterase inhibitor drugs affect progression to dementia or improve cognitive performance of patients with MCI. Complementarily, mixed results have been reported from different research lines that use cognitive training. Besides, there is increasing evidence that consider the role of environment and lifestyle as protective factors for the development of Alzheimer’s disease from MCI. The review sheds some suggestions for future research related to the studied topics and for professional intervention in the area of gerontology.