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4D Fetal Echocardiography
Editor(s): Giuseppe Rizzo
Co-Editor(s): Domenico Arduini
eISBN: 978-1-60805-044-4   ISBN: 978-1-60805-634-7   


Rendering Cardiac Volumes in Three and Four-Dimensional Ultrasonography

Author(s): Jimmy Espinoza
Chapter DOI: 10.2174/978160805044411001010038
Page: 38-49 (12)

This chapter summarizes different approaches currently used to examine the fetal heart using three and four-dimensional ultrasonography with a particular emphasis on multiplanar display and novel rendering modalities. These new imaging modalities provide important insight into the normal and abnormal fetal cardiac anatomy and function and have the potential to reduce the operator dependency that characterizes twodimensional ultrasound.
Fetal Echocardiography, 4D Fetal Echocardiography, Volume Rendering.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, William Beaumont Hospital Royal Oak, MI USA