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Recent Advances in Computer Science and Communications


ISSN (Print): 2666-2558
ISSN (Online): 2666-2566

Research Article

Developing a Conceptual Model for Crime Against Women using ISM & MICMAC

Author(s): Bhajneet Kaur*, Laxmi Ahuja and Vinay Kumar

Volume 14, Issue 4, 2021

Published on: 09 August, 2019

Page: [1308 - 1320] Pages: 13

DOI: 10.2174/2213275912666190809113047

Price: $65


Background: Crime against women is a major issue of society, resulted in physical, psychological, sexual or economic harm of women.

Objective: The main objective of this research paper is to propose the conceptual model after finding the contextual relationship among all identified factors affecting crime against women.

Methods: Interpretive structural modeling (ISM) technique has been used to develop the model. This is the mathematical approach or step-by-step procedure to deploy the unstructured items into a structured or hierarchical form to build a conceptual model. Further, MICMAC (Matriced' Impacts Croisés Multiplication Appliquée á un Classement) analysis has also been applied to segregate the factors into groups of independent, dependent and operational factors on the basis of their driving power and dependence power. Hence, driving power indicates on what extent an individual factor is contributing for driving the issue and dependence power indicates on what extent an individual factor-driven from other factors.

Results: As resulted all 11 identified factors have been structured into a well-defined model with the groups of linkage factors, independent factors, and dependent factors. The model clearly defines the role and contribution of each factor which gives very good insights to take any kind of decision by the law firms, police departments and other criminal or crime organizations to control or prevent this major issue ‘crime against women’.

Conclusion: Public and private crime organizations, law firms can use this article to reform its policies to take more security measures with their implementation related to it.

Keywords: Reachability matrix, conical matrix, dependence power, driving power, MICMAC, ISM, Crime against women.

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