Generic placeholder image

Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening


ISSN (Print): 1386-2073
ISSN (Online): 1875-5402

Mass Spectrometry and Combinatorial Chemistry New Approaches for Direct Support-Bound Compound Identification

Author(s): C. Enjalbal, D. Maux, J. Martinez, R. Combarieu and J-L. Aubagnac

Volume 4, Issue 4, 2001

Page: [363 - 373] Pages: 11

DOI: 10.2174/1386207013331039

Price: $65


Mass spectrometry is a powerful analytical tool allowing rapid and sensitive structural elucidation of a wide range of molecules issued from solution-, solid- and liquid-phase syntheses. Therefore, mass spectrometry has become the most widely used tool to probe combinatorial libraries. A significant portion of the reported combinatorial data are being produced using solid phase organic synthesis. In contrast to indirect strategies where the tethered structures were released from the support into solution to undergo standard mass spectrometric analyses, static - secondary ion mass spectrometry (S-SIMS) has enabled the identification of support-bound molecules without any chemical treatment of the resin bead. Such non-destructive characterization was applied at the bead level and facilitated the step-by- step monitoring of solid-phase peptide syntheses. Side-reactions were also detected. The relevance of S-SIMS in the rehearsal phase of combinatorial chemistry is demonstrated by comparison with infrared and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopies, the two other techniques investigated in that field. An alternative to solid-phase synthesis consists of assembling molecules on a soluble polymer. This methodology is termed liquid-phase synthesis. Compound characterization is facilitated since the derivatized support is soluble in spectroscopic solvents used in NMR or in electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. The advantages and drawbacks of this approach will be discussed in terms of the direct monitoring of supported reactions during chemistry optimization and rehearsal library validation.

Keywords: Direct Support-Bound Compound, static - secondary ion mass spectrometry, Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy, non-destructive real-time analyses, Auger electron spectroscopy, Butyloxycarbonyl, 9-Fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl, Phenylalanine, Pyroglutamic acid

Rights & Permissions Print Cite
© 2024 Bentham Science Publishers | Privacy Policy