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Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets


ISSN (Print): 1871-5265
ISSN (Online): 2212-3989

Research Article

The Relationship Between HIV Antibody Titer, HIV Viral Load, HIV p24 Antigen, and CD4 T-cell Count Among Iranian HIV-positive Patients

Author(s): Majedeh Moradbeigi, SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi, Mansour Sajadipour, Omid Dadras, Esfandiar Shojaei, Parisa Ahmadi, Saeed Bayanolhagh, Kazem Baesi* and Mehrnaz Rasoolinejad*

Volume 20, Issue 5, 2020

Page: [752 - 757] Pages: 6

DOI: 10.2174/1871526519666191104144721

Price: $65


Objective: This study aimed to simultaneously measure and assess the correlation between the available HIV infection parameters including HIV antibody, p24 Antigen, CD4 cell count, and viral load at the different stages of HIV disease among HIV-positive individuals in Iran.

Materials and Methods: Fifty HIV-positive individuals were classified into three stages (1, 2, and 3) according to the HIV disease stages classification, available in Control of Disease and Prevention (CDC) guideline. 10 ml of the venous blood sample was collected to run the tests for HIV antibody and p24 Ag levels, CD4 cell counts, and viral load. Pearson’s correlation test was employed to calculate the coefficients for the in-between correlation of different HIV parameters in each stage.

Results: Of 50 participants, 17 (34%), 25 (50%), and 8 (16%) patients belonged to stages 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Sexual relationship was the main route of HIV transmission among the patients (36%); however, injecting drug use (20%) was also reported frequently. There was no significant correlation between the parameters of HIV disease in different stages in the present study.

Conclusion: The findings showed no correlation between HIV parameters in the present study. Considering the fact that the association of HIV antibodies with HIV disease progression in infected individuals is independent of HIV-1 RNA levels, combined measurement of HIV-1 RNA and CD4 cell counts should be routinely carried out in HIV infected patients follow up.

Keywords: P24 Ag, HIV viral load, CD4 count, HIV antibody, correlation, HIV-1 RNA.

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