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Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets


ISSN (Print): 1871-5265
ISSN (Online): 2212-3989

Research Article

Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and Toxocara canis Among Myositis Patients in the Southwest of Iran

Author(s): Jasem Saki*, Karim Mowla, Reza Arjmand, Forough Kazemi and Somayeh Fallahizadeh

Volume 21, Issue 1, 2021

Published on: 31 December, 2019

Page: [43 - 48] Pages: 6

DOI: 10.2174/1871526520666191231123159

Price: $65


Introduction: Parasitic myositis is caused by some parasites, such as Toxoplasma gondii) T. gondii (and Toxocara canis (T. canis). So, the aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence T. gondii and T. canis in patients with myositis and healthy individuals.

Methods: A total of 108 samples were randomly selected as the control (54 healthy individuals) and test (54 myositis patients) groups. IgG and IgM antibodies (Ab) against T. gondii and IgG Ab against T. canis were measured by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The detection of chronic and acute toxoplasmosis was performed by the ELISA IgG avidity. The presence of T. gondii in the blood was evaluated using the nested polymerase chain reaction (nested-PCR).

Results: Of 108, 33 (30.6%) cases were positive for IgG against T. gondii that 19 (35.2%) and 14 (25.9%) were observed in myositis patients and healthy individuals, respectively (P=0.296). Of 19 positive cases, 12 (63.2%) and 7 (36.8%) cases were detected as chronic and acute toxoplasmosis, respectively, while, all positive cases in the control group had chronic toxoplasmosis (P=0.013). One (1.9%) sample was positive for anti- T. gondii IgM and two (3.7%) samples were positive for IgG against T. canis by the ELISA that these positive cases were observed only in myositis patients (P=1.000 P=0.495, respectively). B1 T. gondii gene was amplified in 12 (63.2%) and 1 (7.1%) in myositis patients and healthy subjects (P=0.001).

Conclusion: Our findings showed that there was a relatively high prevalence of acute toxoplasmosis in myositis patients in comparison with the control subjects in the Southwest of Iran.

Keywords: Toxoplasma gondii, Toxocara canis, Myositis, ELISA, Nested-PCR, chronic toxoplasmosis.

Graphical Abstract
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