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Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1389-2010
ISSN (Online): 1873-4316

Systematic Review Article

The Effects of X-Ray Irradiation on Safety and Nutritional Value of Food: A Systematic Review Article

Author(s): Zakiyeh B. Zehi, Asma Afshari, Seyyed M.A. Noori, Behrooz Jannat and Mohammad Hashemi*

Volume 21, Issue 10, 2020

Page: [919 - 926] Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/1389201021666200219093834

Price: $65

Abstract

X-ray is a non-thermal technology that has shown good efficacy in reducing pathogenic and spoilage bacteria, viruses and parasites. X-ray hygiene technology resulted in a high microbial loss in numerous food products, such as dairy products, ready-to-eat shrimp, oysters, fresh products, strawberries, shredded iceberg lettuce, and spinach leaves. Some X-ray studies on food safety have shown that X-ray is an effective technology and is also an appropriate alternative to the electron beam and gamma rays, and can be used in the food industry without side effects on human health. Besides, we reviewed the X-ray effect on the nutritional value of food. Therefore in this study, we aimed to review the available pros and cons of current studies regarding X-rays’ effects on the food industry.

Keywords: X-ray, ionizing radiation, foodborne pathogen, food safety, nutritional value, food industry.

Graphical Abstract
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