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Current Diabetes Reviews

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-3998
ISSN (Online): 1875-6417

Review Article

Epidemiology of Ischemic Heart Disease and Diabetes in South Asia: An Overview of the Twin Epidemic

Author(s): Rajeev Gupta* and Kiran Gaur

Volume 17, Issue 9, 2021

Published on: 06 October, 2020

Article ID: e100620186664 Pages: 21

DOI: 10.2174/1573399816666201006144606

Price: $65

Abstract

Background & Objectives: Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is one of the most important causes of death and disability in the world and diabetes is an important risk factor. This review was performed to describe the mortality and morbidity burden from this twin epidemic in South Asian countries.

Methods: Country-level data on the epidemiology of IHD and diabetes were obtained from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study. Sub-national data were available only for India. We also retrieved epidemiological studies from published reviews on IHD and diabetes in India. These were supplemented with MEDLINE search.

Results: GBD study and regional epidemiological studies have reported that there are significant regional variations in IHD mortality and disease burden within South Asian countries. IHD burden has increased significantly from 2000 to 2017. Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology study has reported that diabetes is an important IHD risk factor in the South Asian region. GBD Study and International Diabetes Federation have reported increasing diabetes-related mortality and disease burden in South Asian countries, especially India. There are regional variations in diabetes-related mortality, disease burden, and prevalence in South Asia. At the macrolevel, rapid food and nutrition transition along with increasing physical inactivity is responsible for this twin epidemic.

Conclusion: Increasing trends in IHD and diabetes-related mortality and disease burden with regional variations are observed in South Asian countries.

Keywords: Cardiovascular diseases, ischemic heart disease, risk factors, type 2 diabetes, epidemiology, twin epidemic, prevention, social determinants.

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