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Current Respiratory Medicine Reviews

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-398X
ISSN (Online): 1875-6387

Research Article

Quality of Life Questionnaires for Children With Bronchial Asthma at Jordan University Hospital: An Observational Study

Author(s): Enas M. Al-Zayadneh*, Ala’ Dia-Eddin Arafah, Sarah Muwaffag Ibrahim, Maram Abdalla Glessa and Montaha Al-Iede

Volume 16, Issue 2, 2020

Page: [132 - 138] Pages: 7

DOI: 10.2174/1573398X16999201009155509

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: Asthma is a common chronic illness worldwide. Identifying and treating impaired health-related quality of life, is now recognized as an important component of asthma management. A high prevalence of behavioral and emotional difficulties was noticed among children with asthma.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study that was conducted over 8 weeks involving 45 asthmatic children, between the ages of 7-17 years old, presented to Jordan University Hospital in Amman, Jordan. General demographic characteristics were collected, and two questionnaires were used: asthma control test (ACT), and the pediatric asthma quality of life questionnaire (PAQLQ). We also used the feeling thermometer scale, and a pulmonary function test was done for patients. SAS Software version 9.4 USA and Pearsons coefficient were used to find associations.

Results: Among 45 patients, 53% of the sample had poor asthma control. The mean FEV1 on lung function testing was 80% (± 16.18) of predicted. The mean for clinical asthma scores (ACT) was 18.8 ± 4.53 (out of 25). FEV1 was significantly higher in children with good control compared to those with a low ACT score (P-value <0.05). The mean total PAQLQ score was 5.3 ± 1.06 and it correlated significantly with ACT score (P-value <0.001).

Conclusion: This study highlights the association of poorly controlled asthma with a poor quality of life. It is recommended that the quality of life of children should be assessed and observed during clinic visits, for a better comprehensive approach and effective improvement of outcome.

Keywords: Quality of life, bronchial asthma, pediatric asthma, quality of life questionnaire, asthma control test, symptoms.

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