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Current Vascular Pharmacology


ISSN (Print): 1570-1611
ISSN (Online): 1875-6212

Research Article

Pro-inflammatory Mediators and Oxidative Stress: Therapeutic Markers for Recurrent Angina Pectoris after Coronary Artery Stenting in Elderly Patients

Author(s): Xia Li*, Dianxuan Guo, Hualan Zhou, Youdong Hu, Xiang Fang and Ying Chen

Volume 19, Issue 6, 2021

Published on: 29 January, 2021

Page: [643 - 654] Pages: 12

DOI: 10.2174/1570161119666210129142707

Price: $65


Background: Pro-inflammatory mediators and oxidative stress are related to the severity of angina pectoris in patients with coronary heart disease.

Objective: We evaluated the effects of pro-inflammatory mediators and oxidative stress on recurrent angina pectoris after coronary artery stenting in elderly patients.

Methods: We determined the expression levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), acrolein (ACR), tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), superoxide dismutase 3 (SOD3), paraoxonase-1 (PON-1), stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in elderly patients with recurrent angina pectoris after coronary artery stenting.

Results: Levels of MDA, ACR, TNF-α and TLR4 were significantly increased (p<0.001), and levels of SOD3, PON-1, SDF-1α and EPCs were significantly decreased (p<0.001) in the elderly patients with recurrent angina pectoris after coronary artery stenting. MDA, ACR, TNF-α and TLR4 as markers of oxidative stress and pro-inflammatory mediators may have suppressed SOD3, PON-1, SDF-1α and EPCs as markers of anti-oxidative stress/anti-inflammatory responses. Oxidative stress and proinflammatory mediators were important factors involved in recurrent angina pectoris of elderly patients after coronary artery stenting.

Conclusion: Oxidative stress and pro-inflammatory mediators could be considered as potential noninvasive prognostic, predictive, and therapeutic biomarkers for stable recurrent angina and recurrent unstable angina in elderly patients after coronary artery stenting.

Keywords: Pro-inflammatory mediator, oxidative stress, recurrent angina pectoris, coronary artery stenting, elderly, heart disease.

Graphical Abstract
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