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Current Genomics


ISSN (Print): 1389-2029
ISSN (Online): 1875-5488

HLA Genes in Mayos Population from Northeast Mexico

Author(s): A. Arnaiz-Villena, J. Moscoso, J. Granados, J. I. Serrano-Vela, A. de la Pena, R. Reguera, A. Ferri, E. Seclen, R. Izaguirre, N. Perez-Hernandez and G. Vargas-Alarcon

Volume 8, Issue 7, 2007

Page: [466 - 475] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/138920207783591735

Price: $65


HLA class I and class II alleles have been studied in 60 unrelated people belonging to Mayos ethnic group, which lives in the Mexican Pacific Sinaloa State. Mayos HLA profile was compared to other Amerindians and worldwide populations profile. A total of 14,896 chromosomes were used for comparisons. Genetic distances between populations, Neigbour-Joining dendrograms and correspondence analyses were performed to determine the genetic relationship among population. The new specific Mayo HLA haplotypes found are: HLA-A*02-B*35-DRB1*1406-DQB1*0301; HLA-A*02- B*48-DRB1*0404-DQB1*0302; HLA-A*24-B*51-DRB1*0407-DQB1*0302 and HLA-A*02-B*08-DRB1*0407- DQB1*0302. However, the typical Meso American HLADRB1*0407 represents a 40% of all DRB1 alleles. While common HLA characteristics are found in Amerindian distant ethnic groups, still new group specific HLA haplotypes are being found, suggesting that a common founder effect (i.e. high DRB1*0407) is noticed. Moreover, new HLA haplotypes are almost certainly appearing along time probably due to specific pathogen (?) selection for diversity. Mayo language is close to the Tarahumara one (another geographically close group); notwithstanding both groups are not genetically close according to our results, showing again the different evolution of genes and languages, which do not correlate. Finally, Sinaloa is one of the Mexican States in which more European genes are found. However, the results presented in this paper, where no European HLA genes are seen in Mayos, should have a bearing in establishing transplant programs and in HLA and disease studies.

Keywords: Amerindians, HLA, mayos, mexica, nahua, transplant

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