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Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy


ISSN (Print): 1574-888X
ISSN (Online): 2212-3946

Systematic Review Article

The Anti-osteoporosis Effects of Vitamin K in Postmenopausal Women

Author(s): Yuan Liu, Yuan He, Baorong He* and Lingbo Kong

Volume 17, Issue 2, 2022

Published on: 11 May, 2021

Page: [186 - 192] Pages: 7

DOI: 10.2174/1574888X16666210512020103

Price: $65


Background: As a common systemically muscular-skeleton disorder of aging, osteoporosisis is characterized by the uninterrupted deconstruction in osseous microarchitecture. Osteoporosis can consequently lead to a significantly high risk of osteoporotic fractures, such as Osteoporotic Vertebral Compressive Fractures [OVCF] in the spine and osteoporotic femoral neck fractures in the hip joint, which can significantly increase the numbers of mortality and morbidity in elderly people, especially in postmenopausal women.

Methods: In addition, vitamin K has been demonstrated to play a key role in inhibiting osteoporotic fractures among postmenopausal women, but its long-term benefits, potential harms, and side effects of the combination between vitamin K and other anti-osteoporosis medicines, such as bisphosphonates or teriparatide still remain to be extensively studied. Therefore, the present study aimed to systematically reviewed previously published literature on the role of vitamin K in the treatment of osteoporosis. We currently, via multiple query strategies, searched the relevant literature in Cochrane and PubMed from January 2010 to December 2019.

Results: Subsequently, we conducted the systematic review according to the standard guideline of Preferred Reporting Item for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses [PRISMA].

Conclusion: Finally, ten relevant studies met our current criteria for inclusion; subsequently, we followed the PRISMA guideline, then systematically reviewed each study by categorizing the data sources and analytical approaches in each study, while setting up variables and defining each study's outcomes.

Keywords: Osteoporosis, vitamin K, drug target, osteocalcin, randomized controlled trial (RCT), OVCF.

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