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Current Cancer Therapy Reviews


ISSN (Print): 1573-3947
ISSN (Online): 1875-6301

Research Article

Expression of mTOR/70S6K Signaling Pathway in Melanoma Cancer Cells and the Effects of Dacarbazine and Metformin

Author(s): Marjan Hajimoradi Javarsiani*, Shagayegh Haghjooy Javanmard and Javad Sajedianfard

Volume 18, Issue 2, 2022

Published on: 30 November, 2021

Page: [118 - 122] Pages: 5

DOI: 10.2174/1573394717666210922151736

Price: $65


Background: Melanoma, also known as malignant melanoma, is a type of skin cancer that develops from the pigment-producing cells known as melanocytes. Melanomas typically occur in the skin but may rarely occur in the mouth, intestines or, eye. This study aims to examine the expression of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)/70S6K signaling pathway in melanoma cancer.

Methods: The B16F10 cell line treated with dacarbazine IC50 and different concentrations of metformin (0.5, 2, and 8 mM) for 24 hr and mTOR and 70S6k proteins expression were examined by western blotting. Cell viability was measured by MTT assay.

Results: Western blot analysis showed that after different concentrations of metformin and dacarbazine treatments, the mTOR and 70S6K protein expression significantly (P<0.05) decreased.

Conclusion: Metformin-induced repression of mTOR/70S6k axis activity disrupts B16F10 growth. Thus, we believe that combination therapy may be a suitable potential therapeutic target for melanoma cancer.

Keywords: mTOR, 70S6k, cancer, melanoma, therapy, MTT assay.

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