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Current Neurovascular Research


ISSN (Print): 1567-2026
ISSN (Online): 1875-5739

Mini-Review Article

Interleukin-6: Important Mediator of Vasospasm Following Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Author(s): Brandon Lucke-Wold*, Koji Hosaka, William Dodd, Kartik Motwani, Dimitri Laurent, Melanie Martinez and Brian Hoh

Volume 18, Issue 3, 2021

Page: [364 - 369] Pages: 6

DOI: 10.2174/1567202618666211104122408

Price: $65


Abstract: The correlation of neuroinflammation with the development of cerebral vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage has been well documented in the literature; both clinical and preclinical. The exact mechanisms by which this process occurs, however, are poorly elucidated. Recent evidence indicates that interleukin-6 is not only an important prognostic biomarker for subarachnoid hemorrhage and subsequent vasospasm development but also an integral component in the progression of injury following initial insult. In this review, we briefly highlight other pathways under investigation and focus heavily on what has been discovered regarding the role of interleukin 6 and cerebral vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage. A proposed mechanistic pathway is highlighted in written and graphical format. A discussion regarding the human correlative findings and initial pre-clinical mechanistic studies is addressed. Finally, in the future investigation section, innovative developments and a clear description of areas warranting further scientific inquiry are emphasized. This review will catalyze continued discovery in this area of emerging significance and aid in the quest for effective vasospasm treatment where limited clinical therapeutics currently exist.

Keywords: Interleukin-6, subarachnoid hemorrhage, cerebral vasospasm, microglia, apoptosis, neuroinflammation.

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