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Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders - Drug Targets


ISSN (Print): 1871-5303
ISSN (Online): 2212-3873

Review Article

Emerging Role of Interleukins for the Assessment and Treatment of Liver Diseases

Author(s): Aaliya L. Ali, Namrata P. Nailwal and Gaurav M. Doshi*

Volume 22, Issue 4, 2022

Published on: 26 January, 2022

Page: [371 - 382] Pages: 12

DOI: 10.2174/1871530321666211124102837

Price: $65


Background: The most common liver diseases are fibrosis, alcoholic liver disease, nonalcoholic fatty disease, viral hepatitis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. These liver diseases account for approximately 2 million deaths per year worldwide, with cirrhosis accounting for 2.1% of the worldwide burden. The most widely used liver function tests for diagnosis are alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase, serum proteins, serum albumin, and serum globulins, whereas antivirals and corticosteroids have been proven to be useful for the treatment of liver diseases. A major disadvantage of these diagnostic measures is the lack of specificity to a particular tissue or cell type, as these enzymes are common to one or more tissues. The major adverse effect of current treatment methods is drug resistance. To overcome these issues, interleukins have been investigated. The balance of these interleukins determines the outcome of an immune response. Interleukins are considered interesting therapeutic targets for the treatment of liver diseases. In this review, we summarize the current state of knowledge regarding interleukins in the diagnosis, treatment, and pathogenesis of different acute and chronic liver diseases.

Objective: To understand the role of interleukins in the assessment and treatment of different types of liver diseases.

Methods: A literature search was conducted using PubMed, Science Direct, and NCBI with the following keywords: Interleukins, Acute Liver Failure, Alcoholic Liver Disease, Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Liver Fibrosis, Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Inflammation, Liver injury, Hepatoprotective effect. Clinical trial data on these interleukins have been searched on

Results: Existing literature and preclinical and clinical trial data demonstrate that interleukins play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of liver diseases.

Conclusion: Our findings indicate that IL-1, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17, IL-22, IL-35, and IL-37 are involved in the progression and control of various liver conditions via the regulation of cell signaling pathways. However, further investigation on the involvement of these interleukins is necessary for their use as a targeted therapy in liver diseases.

Keywords: Interleukins, acute liver failure, alcoholic liver dsease, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, liver Fibrosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, inflammation, liver injury, hepatoprotective effect.

Graphical Abstract
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