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Current Vascular Pharmacology

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1570-1611
ISSN (Online): 1875-6212

Review Article

Interleukin-10 in the Vasculature: Pathophysiological Implications

Author(s): Raiany A. de Freitas, Victor V. Lima, Gisele F. Bomfim and Fernanda R.C. Giachini*

Volume 20, Issue 3, 2022

Published on: 01 March, 2022

Page: [230 - 243] Pages: 14

DOI: 10.2174/1570161120666211227143459

Price: $65

Abstract

Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is an important immunomodulatory cytokine, initially characterized as an anti-inflammatory agent released by immune cells during infectious and inflammatory processes. IL-10 exhibits biological functions that extend to the regulation of different intracellular signaling pathways directly associated with vascular function. This cytokine plays a vital role in vascular tone regulation by changing important proteins involved in vasoconstriction and vasodilation. Numerous investigations covered here have shown that therapeutic strategies inducing IL-10 exert anti-inflammatory, anti-hypertrophic, anti-hyperplastic, anti-apoptotic and antihypertensive effects. This non-systematic review summarizes the modulating effects mediated by IL-10 in vascular tissue, particularly on vascular tone, and the intracellular pathway induced by this cytokine. We also highlight the advances in IL-10 manipulation as a therapeutic target in different cardiovascular pathophysiologies, including the physiological implications in animals and humans. Finally, the review illustrates current and potential future perspectives of the potential use of IL-10 in clinical trials based on the clinical evidence.

Keywords: Interleukin-10, cytokine, anti-inflammatory, contraction, vasodilation, cardiovascular diseases.

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