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Current Drug Discovery Technologies


ISSN (Print): 1570-1638
ISSN (Online): 1875-6220

Mini-Review Article

Fatty Acid Biosynthesis: An Updated Review on KAS Inhibitors

Author(s): Rani Shinde and Vasanti Suvarna*

Volume 19, Issue 2, 2022

Published on: 14 February, 2022

Article ID: e110122200137 Pages: 15

DOI: 10.2174/1570163819666220111113032

Price: $65


Since the early twentieth century, with the isolation of penicillin and streptomycin in the 1940s, the modern era of anti-infective drug development has gained momentum. Due to the enormous success of early drug discovery, many infectious diseases were successfully prevented and eradicated. However, this initial hope was wrongheaded, and pathogens evolved as a significant threat to human health. Drug resistance develops as a result of natural selection’s relentless pressure, necessitating the identification of new drug targets and the creation of chemotherapeutics that bypass existing drug resistance mechanisms. Fatty acid biosynthesis (FAS) is a crucial metabolic mechanism for bacteria during their growth and development. Several crucial enzymes involved in this biosynthetic pathway have been identified as potential targets for new antibacterial agents. In Escherichia coli (E. coli), this pathway has been extensively investigated. The present review focuses on progress in the development of Kas A, Kas B, and Fab H inhibitors as mono-therapeutic antibiotics.

Keywords: Fatty acid biosynthesis, Kas A, Kas B, FabH, bacterium, acyl carrier protein, condensing enzyme.

Graphical Abstract
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