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Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 1568-0266
ISSN (Online): 1873-4294

Review Article

Bacopa monnieri for Disorders Affecting Brain: Current Perspectives

Author(s): Adithya Vinod, Sankaran Sathianarayanan, Anju Elizabath Babu, Prashant Sadanandan, Athira Kaipuzha Venu* and Baskar Venkidasamy*

Volume 22, Issue 23, 2022

Published on: 24 February, 2022

Page: [1909 - 1929] Pages: 21

DOI: 10.2174/1568026622666220119111538

Price: $65


Bacopa monnieri (BM) is of immense therapeutic potential in today’s world. This review is aimed to project the beneficial role of BM in disorders affecting the brain, including Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, stroke, epilepsy, and depression. The active constituents and metabolites responsible for the effects of BM could be bacoside A and B, bacopaside I and II, bacopasaponin C, betulinic acid, asiatic acid, loliolide, ebelin lactone, and quercetin. The mechanistic role of BM in brain disorders might be related to its ability to modulate neurotransmission, neurogenesis, neuronal/ glial plasticity, intracellular signaling, epigenetics, cerebral blood flow, energy metabolism, protein folding, endoplasmic reticulum stress, neuroendocrine system, oxidative stress, inflammation, and apoptosis. We have also discussed CDRI-08, clinical trials, safety, emerging formulation technologies, as well as BM combinations, and dietary supplements. To propel the clinical translation of BM in disorders affecting the brain, strategies to improve brain delivery via novel formulations and integration of the preclinical findings into large and well-defined clinical trials, in appropriate age groups and sex, specifically in the patient population against existing medications as well as placebo, are essentially required.

Keywords: Bacopa monnieri, Bacoside, Brain delivery, Brain disorders, Clinical trial, Neuroprotective.

Graphical Abstract
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