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Current Molecular Pharmacology

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1874-4672
ISSN (Online): 1874-4702

Research Article

Nicorandil and Bone Marrow-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Therapeutic Effect after Ureteral Obstruction in Adult Male Albino Rats

Author(s): Heba M. Abdel-Aziz, Nahla E. Ibrahem, Noura H. Mekawy, Amal Fawzy*, Noura Mostafa Mohamad and Walaa Samy

Volume 16, Issue 1, 2023

Published on: 27 July, 2022

Page: [124 - 138] Pages: 15

DOI: 10.2174/1874467215666220322113734

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: Chronic kidney disease is a global health problem for which renal fibrogenesis is the final treatment target.

Objective: In our work, we have highlighted two new strategies, nicorandil and Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs), as effective in reversing renal fibrosis induced by partial unilateral ureteral obstruction (PUUO).

Methods: The current study included 96 male albino rats randomly divided into four groups, with 24 rats per group; Group I, the control group; Group II, PUUO, where two-thirds of the left ureter was entrenched in the psoas muscle; Group III, same surgical procedure as in Group II for 7 days, and then the rats received 15 mg/kg/day nicorandil once daily for 21 days; and Group IV, same surgical procedure as in Group II for 7 days, and then rats were given 3 × 106 of labeled MSCs injected intravenous, and left for 21 days. Blood and kidney tissues were collected for biochemical, histological, and molecular analyses.

Results: Both the nicorandil and BM-MSCs treatment groups could ameliorate kidney damage evidenced by inhibition of MDA elevation and total antioxidant capacity reduction caused by PUUO. Also, there was a significant reduction observed in TNF, TGF, IL6, collagen I, and α-SMA in addition to improvement in histological examination. However, a significant difference was found between the BM-MSCs and nicorandil-treated groups.

Conclusion: Our results suggest that BM-MSCs and nicorandil improved renal fibrosis progression through their antiapoptotic, anti-inflammatory, and antifibrotic effects in male albino rats subjected to PUUO, with BM-MSCs being more effective compared to nicorandil.

Keywords: BM-MSCs, nicrorandil, renal fibrosis, ureteral obstruction, TNF, α-SMA.

Graphical Abstract
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