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Protein & Peptide Letters

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 0929-8665
ISSN (Online): 1875-5305

Review Article

Methods of PARP-1 Determination and its Importance in Living Organisms

Author(s): Zuzanna Zielińska, Łukasz Ołdak* and Ewa Gorodkiewicz

Volume 29, Issue 6, 2022

Published on: 27 May, 2022

Page: [496 - 504] Pages: 9

DOI: 10.2174/0929866529666220405160715

Price: $65

Abstract

PARP-1 is one of the 18 PARP enzymes that are involved in important processes at the cellular level. The most important tasks of PARP-1 are to detect and repair DNA damage and to prevent processes of apoptosis. By finding and using new strategies for marking and detecting the activity of this protein, it is possible to identify more and more tasks in which it participates. In pathological states, PARP-1 activity increases significantly. Since the 1980s, scientists have been searching for and discussing substances that may inhibit PARP-1 activity and disrupt DNA damage response pathways. In this way, unwanted cells could be destroyed. The paper presents a short description of the methods used in the determination of PARP-1 by various research groups. A critical approach to each of them was also made by pointing to the advantages and disadvantages of the described analytical methods. The literature review contains information on methods useful for PARP-1 determination, such as SPR, QCM, CL and FL, DPV, SDS-PAGE with MS, MALDI MS, Western Blot, ELISA and ATR-FTIR spectroscopy. It also includes analysis of the results of research on inhibitors that may be effective in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer and other diseases.

Keywords: PARP-1, PARP-1 functions, cancer, PARP-1 determination, living organisms, ELISA.

Graphical Abstract
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