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Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 1568-0266
ISSN (Online): 1873-4294

Review Article

Natural Antioxidants as Additional Weapons in the Fight against Malarial Parasite

Author(s): Sharma Arvind Virendra, Chandrakant Sahu, Ankur Kumar and Pooja Abrol Chawla*

Volume 22, Issue 24, 2022

Published on: 27 July, 2022

Page: [2045 - 2067] Pages: 23

DOI: 10.2174/1568026622666220504172655

Price: $65


Background: All currently available antimalarial drugs are developed from natural product lineages that may be traced back to herbal medicines, including quinine, lapachol, and artemisinin. Natural products that primarily target free radicals or reactive oxygen species, play an important role in treating malaria.

Objectives: This review analyses the role of antioxidative therapy in treating malaria by scavenging or countering free radicals and reviews the importance of natural plant extracts as antioxidants in oxidative therapy of malaria treatment.

Methods: The search for natural antioxidants was conducted using the following databases: ResearchGate, ScienceDirect, Google Scholar, and Bentham Science with the keywords malaria, reactive oxygen species, natural antioxidants, and antiplasmodial.

Conclusion: This study reviewed various literature sources related to natural products employed in antimalarial therapy directly or indirectly by countering/scavenging reactive oxygen species published between 2016 till date. The literature survey made it possible to summarize the natural products used in treating malaria, emphasizing botanical extracts as a single component and in association with other botanical extracts. Natural antioxidants like polyphenols, flavonoids, and alkaloids, have a broad range of biological effects against malaria. This review is pivoted around natural antioxidants obtained from food and medicinal plants and explores their application in restraining reactive oxygen species (ROS). We anticipate this article will provide information for future research on the role of antioxidant therapy in malaria infection.

Keywords: Malaria, Reactive oxygen species, Plant extracts, Oxidative stress, Polyphenols, Flavonoids.

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