Background: Chronic infection with HCV is progressive worldwide health problem and the core reason for liver cirrhosis, portal hypertension, or hepatocellular carcinoma. HCV-G4 represents the most common threat to transplantation of the liver in Egypt. New interferon-free regimens have been started consuming direct-acting antiviral oral tablets for HCV cure.
Objectives: In the current study, comparing the safety and efficacy of DAAs combination regimens including sofosbuvir with daclatasvir or sofosbuvir with simeprevir plus ribavirin for naïve cirrhotic Egyptian patients infected with HCV-G4 was our main goal.
Methods: We recruited 150 naïve cirrhotic HCV patients from the Tropical patients’ clinic at Fayoum General Hospital. They were classified randomly into two groups, group one (n=75 patients) were administrated Sofosbuvir plus simeprevir (400 mg and 150 mg once daily respectively ) for twelve weeks, and group two (n=75 patients) were administrated Sofosbuvir plus Daclatasvir (400 mg and 60 mg once daily respectively) with ribavirin (1-1.2 gm daily weight-based) for twelve weeks. Clinical follow-up, laboratory investigations, and viral PCR were measured to detect treatment efficacy, safety, and any adverse events.
Results: Sustained virological response rates (SVR12) were 92%and 90.7% in the first and second groups, respectively. The major unfavorable events were fatigue, arthralgia, and weight loss without statistically meaningful differences between study groups. However, anemia and headache were significantly widespread in the second group (P=0.0161 and 0.0495, respectively). We observed four patients with photosensitivity in group I and not observed in the second group.
Conclusion: The current study revealed that DAAs are safe and effective in the cure of naïve cirrhotic patients chronically infected by HCV-G4 with better results in those treated with sofosbuvir plus simeprevir regimen.
Keywords: Hepatitis C virus, sofosbuvir, daclatasvir, simeprevir, ribavirin, genotype-4.
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