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Current Reviews in Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 2772-4328
ISSN (Online): 2772-4336

Systematic Review Article

Comparison of Aspirin and P2Y12 Inhibitors for Secondary Prevention of Ischaemic Stroke: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Author(s): Kaili Zhang, Yongle Wang, Tingting Liu and Xiaoyuan Niu*

Volume 18, Issue 3, 2023

Published on: 11 August, 2022

Page: [270 - 283] Pages: 14

DOI: 10.2174/2772432817666220526162144

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: P2Y12 inhibitors have been widely used as an alternative to aspirin in clinical practice for secondary stroke prevention. We aimed to compare the efficiency and safety of P2Y12 inhibitors and aspirin for stroke prevention in patients with previous stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA).

Methods: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched. All randomized trials that compared P2Y12 inhibitors with aspirin among patients with stroke were included. The primary efficacy outcomes of our meta-analysis included stroke, vascular events, and all-cause death. The primary safety outcome was minor or major bleeding events.

Results: The search identified 4 randomized clinical trials comparing P2Y12 inhibitors with aspirin for secondary stroke prevention that collectively enrolled 24508 patients (12253 received P2Y12 inhibitor and 12255 received aspirin). Pooled results from the random-effects model showed that there were no significant differences in the risk of any stroke (OR 0.90 (0.78-1.04); I²=56.9%), vascular event (OR 0.91 (0.74-1.13); I²=78.3%), all-cause death (OR 0.98 (0.83-1.17); I²=0%), or minor or major bleeding (OR 1.13 (0.70-1.82); I²=79%) among patients who received a P2Y12 inhibitor or aspirin. P2Y12 inhibitors were associated with a significantly lower risk of recurrent ischaemic stroke (OR 0.84 (0.73- 0.96); I²=25%) than aspirin.

Conclusion: This meta-analysis suggests that P2Y12 inhibitors are more effective than aspirin in preventing recurrent ischaemic stroke among ischaemic stroke patients despite the absence of any effect on a new ischaemic or haemorrhagic stroke, a new clinical vascular event, all-cause death, and major or minor bleeding events.

Keywords: P2Y12 inhibitor, aspirin, monotherapy, secondary prevention, ischaemic stroke, meta-analysis.

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