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Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 1568-0266
ISSN (Online): 1873-4294

Current Frontiers

Chemical and Physical Approaches for Improved Biopharmaceutical Activity of Amphotericin B: Current and Future Prospective

Author(s): Ajay Mahor, Devesh M. Sawant and Amit Kumar Goyal*

Volume 22, Issue 19, 2022

Published on: 21 July, 2022

Page: [1571 - 1592] Pages: 22

DOI: 10.2174/1568026622666220610141243

Price: $65


Over the last 50 years, the number of patients with mycotic infections has gradually increased. Amphotericin-B is a gold-standard drug used in serious systemic fungal infections. However, limited solubility and permeability are challenging issues associated with Amphotericin-B. Chemical modification is one of the ways to get its broader applicability and improved physicochemical properties. The review article provides a comprehensive overview of the chemical modification approach for investigating the mechanism of action, biological activity, bioavailability, and toxicity of Amphotericin B. Further, several drug delivery approaches have also been utilized to provide better therapeutic outcomes. This gives an overview of chemical approaches for exploring various factors associated with Amphotericin B and information on its drug delivery approaches for improved biopharmaceutical outcomes.

Keywords: Amphotericin-B, Fungal infections, Chemical modification, Drug delivery, BCS class IV, Bioavailability.

Graphical Abstract
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