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Current Drug Delivery


ISSN (Print): 1567-2018
ISSN (Online): 1875-5704

Mini-Review Article

Exosomes as Targeted Delivery Drug System: Advances in Exosome Loading, Surface Functionalization and Potential for Clinical Application

Author(s): Zun Y. Guo, Yue Tang* and Yi C. Cheng

Volume 21, Issue 4, 2024

Published on: 29 December, 2022

Page: [473 - 487] Pages: 15

DOI: 10.2174/1567201819666220613150814

Price: $65


Exosomes are subtypes of vesicles secreted by almost all cells and can play an important role in intercellular communication. They contain various proteins, lipids, nucleic acids and other natural substances from their metrocytes. Exosomes are expected to be a new generation of drug delivery systems due to their low immunogenicity, high potential to transfer bioactive substances and biocompatibility. However, exosomes themselves are not highly targeted, it is necessary to develop new surface modification techniques and targeted drug delivery strategies, which are the focus of drug delivery research. In this review, we introduced the biogenesis of exosomes and their role in intercellular communication. We listed various advanced exosome drug-loading techniques. Emphatically, we summarized different exosome surface modification techniques and targeted drug delivery strategies. In addition, we discussed the application of exosomes in vaccines and briefly introduced milk exosomes. Finally, we clarified the clinical application prospects and shortcomings of exosomes.

Keywords: Exosomes, drug delivery system, surface modification, biothreapy, nanoparticles, nanotechnology.

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