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Current Drug Safety


ISSN (Print): 1574-8863
ISSN (Online): 2212-3911

Mini-Review Article

A Brief Review of Pharmacokinetic Assessments of Vancomycin in Special Groups of Patients with Altered Pharmacokinetic Parameters

Author(s): Parisa Ghasemiyeh, Afsaneh Vazin and Soliman Mohammadi-Samani*

Volume 18, Issue 4, 2023

Published on: 19 September, 2022

Page: [425 - 439] Pages: 15

DOI: 10.2174/1574886317666220801124718

Price: $65


Vancomycin is considered the drug of choice against many Gram-positive bacterial infections. Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is essential to achieve an optimum clinical response and avoid vancomycin-induced adverse reactions including nephrotoxicity. Although different studies are available on vancomycin TDM, still there are controversies regarding the selection among different pharmacokinetic parameters including trough concentration, the area under the curve to minimum inhibitory concentration ratio (AUC24h/MIC), AUC of intervals, elimination constant, and vancomycin clearance. In this review, different pharmacokinetic parameters for vancomycin TDM have been discussed along with corresponding advantages and disadvantages. Also, vancomycin pharmacokinetic assessments are discussed in patients with altered pharmacokinetic parameters including those with renal and/or hepatic failure, critically ill patients, patients with burn injuries, intravenous drug users, obese and morbidly obese patients, those with cancer, patients undergoing organ transplantation, and vancomycin administration during pregnancy and lactation. An individualized dosing regimen is required to guarantee the optimum therapeutic responses and minimize adverse reactions including acute kidney injury in these special groups of patients. According to the pharmacoeconomic data on vancomycin TDM, pharmacokinetic assessments would be cost-effective in patients with altered pharmacokinetics and are associated with shorter hospitalization period, faster clinical stability status, and shorter courses of inpatient vancomycin administration.

Keywords: Vancomycin, therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM), altered pharmacokinetics, acute kidney injury (AKI), individualized pharmacotherapy, antibiotic.

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