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Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening


ISSN (Print): 1386-2073
ISSN (Online): 1875-5402

Research Article

Effect of Fibroblast Growth Factor-21 Molecule on Coronary Collateral Development

Author(s): Halil Fedai* and Mustafa Begenc Tascanov

Volume 27, Issue 14, 2024

Published on: 04 March, 2024

Page: [2090 - 2095] Pages: 6

DOI: 10.2174/1386207326666221026151525


Background: Collateral arteries provide an alternative source to the myocardium resulting from ischemia due to occlusive coronary artery disease and may help preserve myocardial function in the case of coronary artery disease (CAD). Although collateral development is so important, its pathophysiology has not been fully elucidated. Till now, no study has investigated the relationship between Fibroblast growth factor-21(FGF-21) and coronary collateral.

Objective: This study aims to investigate the pathophysiology of coronary collateral development.

Methods: In our study, which we planned as a case-control, 60 consecutive patients with ≥90 stenosis in at least one large coronary artery as a result of coronary angiography (CAG) and 30 patients with normal coronary angiography were included in the study cross-sectional. Demographic, echocardiographic and laboratory data were recorded. Coronary collateral circulation was evaluated using the Rentrop-Cohen method. FGF-21 levels were measured in all individuals.

Results: In the analysis, no significant difference was observed between the two groups in basic biochemical parameters other than HDL (p>0.05 for all). FGF-21 level was statistically significantly higher in the patient group compared to the control group (p: 0.003). Also, the FGF-21 level was found to be statistically significantly higher in the good collateral circulation group than the poor (p:0.006). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to predict the presence of collateral. We found that FGF-21(p=0.006), and C-reactive protein (p=0.020) predicted the presence of collateral independently.

Conclusion: Collateral formation and cardiac prognosis are closely related. Our study is the first to investigate the relationship between collateral formation and FGF-21. Our study showed that the FGF-21 level is an independent predictor of collateral formation. In addition, there was a significant difference between bad and good collateral formation regarding FGF-21 levels.

Keywords: Fibroblast growth factor-21, coronary collateral, coronary artery disease, angiogenesis, coronary angiography, pathophysiology.

Graphical Abstract
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