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Current Cancer Drug Targets


ISSN (Print): 1568-0096
ISSN (Online): 1873-5576

Research Article

Impact of GSTT1 and GSTM1 Polymorphisms in the Susceptibility to Philadelphia Negative Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia

Author(s): Abozer Y. Elderdery*, Hadeil M.E. Idris, Entesar M. Tebien, Nada Abdalfatah Diab, Siddiqa M.A. Hamza, Bandar A. Suliman, Abdulaziz H. Alhamidi, Nawal Eltayeb Omer and Jeremy Mills

Volume 23, Issue 4, 2023

Published on: 21 November, 2022

Page: [319 - 324] Pages: 6

DOI: 10.2174/1568009623666221027103845

Price: $65


Background: Our research aimed to clarify the role of genetic polymorphisms in GST (T1 and M1) in the development of Ph-ve CML.

Materials and Methods: We report on a case-control study with 126 participants, divided into 26 patients with Ph-ve CML (57.7% male, 42.3% female) and 100 healthy volunteers (51% male, 49% female) with no medical history of cancer as a control population. All Ph-ve CML patients were diagnosed according to standard hematologic and cytogenetic criteria based on CBC, confirmed by Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) to determine the presence or absence of the BCRABL gene, followed by bone marrow (BM) examination.

Results: Of the 26 studied cases, 50% had the GSTT1 null genotype against 21% of the control group, a statistically significant difference (CI= 1.519 - 9.317; p-value= 0.004). The GSTM1 null genotype was detected in 23.1% of cases and 35% of controls, a difference not statistically significant (OR= 0.557; CI= 0.205-1.515; p-value= 0.252). The distribution of GSTT1 and GSTM1 polymorphisms was also examined according to gender, age and ethnic grouping; these findings revealed no statistically significant differences.

Conclusion: Our study reveals a strong correlation between GSTT1 polymorphism and Ph-ve CML, whereas the data for GSTM1 polymorphisms indicates no role in the initial development of the disease. More studies are required to further clarify these and other genes' roles in disease development.

Keywords: GSTT1, GSTM1, CML, Philadelphia negative and Sudan, BCR-ABL1, null genotype.

Graphical Abstract
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