Background: SARS-CoV-2 infection has mild and asymptomatic to critical clinical course affecting mainly the lungs. Few case reports of COVID-19-associated pancytopenia are reported, but a series of 18 cases is not described in the literature to date.
Aims and Objectives: This study aimed to investigate pancytopenia in COVID-19 and its correlation with severity and to explore the detailed clinical and biochemical information in COVID-19- associated pancytopenia. This study also highlights pancytopenia's rarity and prognostic value among COVID-19 patients.
Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective observational study conducted in a tertiary care centre at a level 3 COVID care facility that included adults of either sex having positive RT PCR for COVID-19 from October 2020 to May 2021. Data were collected from the online outpatient department and hospitalized patients.
Results: A total of 18 cases were included in the study; 13 were males (72.2%). The mean age was calculated as 48.56 years. Cases were categorized as severe 13 (72.2%) and non-severe 5 (27.8%) disease on the first day of pancytopenia. The most common presentations were fever 18 (100%) and cough 18 (100%), followed by generalized weakness 16 (88.9%), breathlessness 15 (83.3%), and diarrhoea 10 (55.6%). One case died in the severe disease group. The mean of haemoglobin, leukocyte count, and platelets in severe vs non-severe disease were calculated as 8.59 vs 8.74, 2339 vs 2578, and 77769 vs 88600, respectively.
Conclusion: Pancytopenia was more prevalent in severe disease and age group 40-60 years. CAP was most likely due to secondary bone marrow suppression. It has no prognostic value for disease outcomes.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1871526522666220530142359] [PMID: 35638541]
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciaa1338] [PMID: 32888003]
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/cclm-2020-0369] [PMID: 32286245]
[http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1871526522666220429134113] [PMID: 35507796]