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Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets


ISSN (Print): 1871-5265
ISSN (Online): 2212-3989

Review Article

Marburg Virus- A Threat During SARS-CoV-2 Era: A Review

Author(s): Sumel Ashique*, Vatan Chaudhary, Soumen Pal, Jonee Panwar, Mukesh Kumar, Soumi Pramanik, Abhipsa Sinha and Anagh Mukherjee

Volume 23, Issue 5, 2023

Published on: 27 March, 2023

Article ID: e280223214111 Pages: 13

DOI: 10.2174/1871526523666230228103845

Price: $65


In the German towns of Marburg, Frankfurt, and Belgrade in 1967, this single negativestranded RNA virus was initially discovered. The importation of infected grivet monkeys from Uganda is what caused this virus-related sickness. As a result of the early link between viruses and non-human primates, this virus is frequently referred to as vervet monkey sickness. This virus causes Marburg hemorrhagic fever in humans and non-human primates. Human endothelial cells serve as the primary vehicle for replication. According to a 2009 report, the virus was being stored in Egyptian fruit bats (Rousettus aegyptiacus). Body fluids, unprotected sex, broken or injured skin, and other bodily fluids are the main routes of transmission. After the incubation period, symptoms like chills, headaches, myalgia, and stomach pain start to show up. There is no specific medication for such an infection, only hydration therapy and adequate oxygenation are followed. The following diagnostic techniques can be used to confirm the diagnosis: (i) an antibody-capture enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); ii) an antigen capture ELISA test; iii) a serum neutralization test; iv) an RT PCR assay; v) electron microscopy; or vi) virus isolation by cell culture. Because MARV is a risk group 4 infection, laboratory staff must take strict precautions (RG-4).

Keywords: Marburg virus, transmission, animal model, RNA virus, ELISA, PCR assay.

Graphical Abstract
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