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Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1568-0266
ISSN (Online): 1873-4294

Review Article

Insight of Engineered Nano-based Biologics Approaches used to Combat Autoimmune Disease using TNF-α & IL Inhibitors

Author(s): Darshani Patil, Ajazuddin and Sankha Bhattacharya*

Volume 23, Issue 19, 2023

Published on: 19 May, 2023

Page: [1793 - 1806] Pages: 14

DOI: 10.2174/1568026623666230331083241

Price: $65

Abstract

Autoimmune disease is increasing widely, and the biologicals in autoimmune disease play a vital role in the cure. Biologicals have an affinity to bind the specific target molecule and suppress inflammation. The different biologicals are used to treat various autoimmune diseases by preventing the cytokines from unlocking cells and causing inflammation. Each biologic targets a different cytokine. The common classes of biologic that are used to treat autoimmune disease are i) Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNFα) inhibitors and ii) Interleukin Inhibitors (IL). Along with biologics, nanomedicine has shown to be a successful method for creating customized nanomaterials with the potential to deliver medicinal agents to particular organs or tissues drugs without causing immunosuppressive or immunostimulatory adverse effects. This article reviews biologics used in treating Autoimmune Disease (AD) and the mechanism involved. The examination of current developments that have been made to create innovative nanoparticle-based therapies for autoimmune illnesses and their inclusion in vaccines. Also, recent clinical trials display nanosystem strategies for treating AD.

Keywords: Autoimmune disease, Biologics, Engineered nanoparticles, Nanosystem biologics, TNF-α, IL Inhibitors.

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